Without communicating about that 5G network none Factory of the future or is the 4G network still sufficient? After all, 5G allows peak data rates of up to 10 Gbit / s, latency times of less than 1 ms, availability of over 99,999% and is also extremely energy-saving. HMS Industrial Networks offers as a verified partner of Ericsson the necessary hardware for that factory Automation, With router, switch or Gateway from the manufacturer, the integration of 5G communication in systems and machines can be easily implemented and 4G replaced. The use cases also go far beyond factory automation and the number will increase in 2020.
Not so long ago, the popularity of wireless communication in industrial applications was even lower than the skepticism about it. Today we are certain that Industry 4.0 can only be implemented wirelessly. However, previous technologies often do not yet meet the requirements in the digital factory. There is a lack of bandwidth, reliability, capacity or real-time behavior. The 5G network promises to remedy this. Since November 2019, licenses for private campus networks can be requested from the Federal Network Agency in Germany. Private 5G networks can also be used in France, Great Britain, the USA and Japan. But how do you apply for a local 5G campus network? How much does a 5G network cost? What is the level of infrastructure and hardware for 5G mobile communications? And last but not least: Who benefits from the use of these 5G networks?
Advantages of 5G network in automation
5G mobile communications in the final expansion stage for the automation industry is promising. Gigantic data rates with minimal latency create the possibility for wireless real-time application. Different profiles allow the optimal use of 5G in accordance with the application. Enhanced Mobile Broadband (EMBB) achieves peak data rates in excess of 10 Gbit / s. Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication (URLLC) supports latency times below 1 ms with an availability of over 99,999%. In fact, that means half an hour of downtime in 10 years. With massive machine-type communication (MMTC), battery-operated devices can be operated for ten years. Up to one million devices can be connected per km².
With the right license from the network operator, companies can now use all of these advantages on their own premises in the private 5G network. These campus networks create the conditions for the smart factory of the future. The skepticism associated with the use of a third-party network finally disappears with the private network.
What does a 5G network cost?
Since November 21.11.2019, 5, 5G frequencies can now be requested for local applications. The application forms are available on the website of the Federal Network Agency. The costs essentially consist of the one-off costs for the allocation of the 5G frequencies, ongoing usage contributions for the frequencies, the planning and construction of the infrastructure for communication with hardware, maintenance and operation of the XNUMXG network. The one-time fee from the network operator for the allocation of frequencies is calculated using the following formula:
License fee = 1000 + B xtx 5 x (6 x a1 + a2)
The formula contains the requested bandwidth B (between 10 and 100 MHz), the period t for which the frequency is requested and the area a in km² on which the private network is to be used. Allocation areas on settlement and traffic areas, i.e. densely populated and industrial areas fall under a1 and can be expected with the factor 6. Other areas fall under the factor a2, for which there is no multiplicator due to the much larger areas. For example, the purchase is also attractive for agriculture and forestry. An operating area of 0,5 km² in a settlement and traffic area of 100 MHz for a five-year term therefore costs a one-off fee of 8500 euros (1000 + 100 x 5 x 5 x (6 x 0,5 + 0)).
There are also ongoing frequency usage fees. They consist of usage contributions for the frequencies according to §143 Abs. 1 TKG (Telecommunications Act), §35 FUAG (Act on Provision of Radio Equipment on the Market) and contributions according to §31 EMVG (Act on Electromagnetic Compatibility). These fees are retroactive to one year. The amount depends on the applicable frequency protection contribution regulation. To date, values from similar user groups from the previous year have been used as a guide.
There are also costs for planning, purchasing and setting up your own infrastructure, which essentially depend on the respective application and size of the campus. As with the operation of wired networks, also plan costs for maintaining the network.
Planning and hardware for private 5G cellular standard
Planning companies and system integrators support users in planning private campus networks. They determine, among other things, the real need, help with the application, ensure that the network meets the requirements of the Federal Network Agency and take over the practical structure. The Swedish company Ericsson, which focuses on mobile technology, Internet and multimedia communication and telecommunications, has been dealing with the topic of private campus networks on a 5G basis for some time.
It has set up a partner portal to support interested companies. These partners help build the communication infrastructure on the company premises and implement 5G communication for the individual machines and systems.
Certified partner for communication in factory automation
HMS Industrial Networks is a certified partner for products for communication in the field factory Automation, The company supports machine builders with advice and suitable components to make 5G network integration as easy as possible for them.
The Anybus Wireless Routers, for example, are powerful and reliable with greater mobility and low latency for wireless networks. They are currently available for LTE and WLAN, a 5G network variant is being planned. The HMS Wireless Bolt, a radio gateway for direct machine access via 4G / 5G, is currently in the proof-of-concept phase. The same applies to switches that can be used to connect machines directly to the 5G network.
Bridges for wireless Profinet and Profisafe use via the 5G network are also in the pipeline. These solutions are of interest to companies who want to make existing systems fit for the future and those who rely on future-oriented communication technology to build new locations.
5G network benefits in practice
Factory automation with driverless transport systems and modular, flexible work cells is a classic application for the 5G network. In the future, however, many other areas will also benefit from the 5G network thanks to the cost structure for license allocation.
So in the future Agriculture and Forestry rely on modern technologies for the transfer of their data that were previously not usable. This applies, among other things, to animal husbandry and milk production. In arable farming, with 5G network expansion in connection with precision farming, a lot of information can be determined during sowing and harvesting and optimized for further cultivation. From the data you can e.g. B. conclude how much fertilizer can be applied where. The use of autonomous vehicles is also possible. And so the private campus networks will not only be beneficial for farmers, but also for animal welfare and environmental protection.
Also in container ports there are lucrative applications. Countless goods are handled on huge areas. The amount of data generated thereby exceeds the capacity of previous wireless networks. Cranes, containers, vehicles and employees can communicate wirelessly, reliably and securely with each other using the dan 5G mobile radio standard. The same applies to airports and the apron vehicles used there.
Of course it also offers process industry a variety of applications. Just think of the large premises of oil refineries or chemical parks. You benefit from the fact that the 5G standard is a universal communication medium for indoor and outdoor applications.
Basically, the 5G network is suitable for applications in which many sensors supply such large amounts of data that they have not previously been able to be transmitted wirelessly, but one wants to use the flexibility of wireless communication. Not all cables will disappear from the digital factory in the long term. The companies will have to clarify which will be left in a few years, depending on their application.