Robotic
ROBOTICS

for the automated factory

Articulated arm robots or Scara robots, bionic, assembly, service robots and cobots as well as components and manufacturer know-how

Image: Mitsubishi Electric

Robotics | Everything you need to know

Would you like to automate your production? Then Here you will find extensive specialist knowledge from the manufacturers and their latest innovations on the subject Robotic. Industrial robots such as articulated arm robots or Scara robots, bionic robots, assembly robots, service robots and collaborative cobots with their very simple programming are also presented Robot components and users with their interesting Applications.

Industrial robot Mitsubishi

 

Robotics innovations 2023/2024

Below we present New developments by and for robots. Mitsubishi Electric, Yaskawa, Kuka, Fanuc, ABB e.g. B. are classic robot manufacturers; Low-cost axes and cobot units are available from Igus, for example, while Gimatic supplies the grippers or Schaeffler supplies the gearboxes. With their innovations, they are all helping to make the vision of the fourth revolution come true.

Cobot

For human-robot collaboration in the laboratory

May 27.05.2024, 2024 | At Achema 6, ABB Robotics is presenting the 3-axis cobot Gofa for automated sample handling in the laboratory. At the “Cobot AI Sample Sorting” exhibit, the Cobot fills a centrifuge with a batch of unsorted samples and then structures them into a rack. The object recognition is carried out by an AI-based XNUMXD vision system.
Articulated

Articulated arm robots for digital transformation

May 06.05.2024, XNUMX | Mitsubishi Electric introduces its new Melfa series articulated robot. The robot arm combines advanced hardware, intelligent software and offers seamless integration into the digital manufacturing environment as well as a higher payload, more reach and a larger portfolio across all price segments.
Cable handling

Programming robots for cable handling

March 18.03.2024, XNUMX | Artiminds Robotics introduces an innovative cable handling application for precise cable harness assembly. The sensor-based robot automation demonstrates the robust detection, picking and joining of freely hanging, slack parts such as lines and cables.
robot software

Smart robot software for processes with tolerances

29.02.2024/XNUMX/XNUMX | If you try to automate tolerance-related processes using the traditional approach, it is often a big challenge. With the smart robot software from Artiminds Robotics, reliable solutions can be created very easily, as three examples show.
Lawn Mower

Robotic lawnmower with new corner technology

17.02.2024/1/XNUMX | Husqvarna is expanding its range of wireless robotic lawn mowers with two models designed for medium-sized gardens. Both are compatible with Husqvarna's EposXNUMX satellite navigation system. The manufacturer is introducing its groundbreaking Edgecut technology with these models.
Whitepaper

5 stumbling blocks in robot automation

13.02.2024/XNUMX/XNUMX | More and more companies are dealing with the topic of robot automation. But many projects still fail during planning. A free white paper from Artiminds analyzes the five most underestimated stumbling blocks when using robots and shows which aspects you should pay attention to.
Robot programming

Teaching box for faster use of robots

31.01.2024/86/XNUMX | Mitsubishi Electric is launching a teaching box with the RXNUMXTB. With it, users can set up, program, convert, maintain and troubleshoot Melfa robots. This simplifies the interaction between humans and machines and makes automated processes highly efficient.
Industrial robots

Heavy-duty industrial robots as all-rounders

16.01.2024/XNUMX/XNUMX | Kuka presents its new industrial robot KR Fortec. The all-rounder for heavy loads is energy efficient and dynamic in handling applications and delivers high performance in a small space. With its high dynamics, the energy-efficient heavy-duty robot ensures low cycle times.
Roibot

Application phase for 3rd Roibot Award 2024 started

15.01.2024/3/5000 | Igus is again looking for creative low-cost automation projects with the fastest return on investment. For the third time, the motion plastics specialist has honored them with the Roibot Award. Users can apply now and, among other things, Win low-cost automation products worth XNUMX euros.
Product development

This is how you build a collaborative robot cell

29.12.2023/XNUMX/XNUMX | If humans and robots work together without a protective fence, both can make full use of their advantages. Collaborative robot cells are already in use in many companies. But what should be taken into account when planning and constructing such robot cells? This article from Schmersal will show you the way.
finger gripper

Bionic finger gripper for Cobot Rebel

November 30.11.2023, XNUMX | In order for the Cobot Rebel to actually work, it needs suitable end effectors such as grippers and vacuum cleaners. Igus offers a large selection of various manufacturers on its RBTX marketplace. Due to some customer requests for a plug-and-play robot hand, Igus has now developed its own finger gripper.
3dexperience

Virtual twins and robotics make you competitive

Oct 05.10.2023, XNUMX | Dassault Systèmes, Omron and Ecosphere demonstrate the power of virtual twins for automation and robotics. The focus of a showcase is the virtual twin of a fully automated and flexible production line with handling robots and mobile robots.
Cobot

Omron cobots with the fastest camera joint

Oct 16.10.2023, XNUMX | With the TM S series, Omron presents new collaborative robots with powerful hardware, even more safety functions and certifications as well as the most modern configuration options.
Surface gripper

Surface gripper with integrated vacuum generator

Oct 09.10.2023, 120 | The new vacuum gripper series FGS-XNUMX from Gimatic is modular, very flexible and energy efficient. An integrated vacuum generator ensures the vacuum and makes the gripper suitable for use in various industries. The multi-stage ejectors are extremely light and efficient.
ABB Cobot

Cobots with currently the longest range

29.08.2023/1/XNUMX | At the EMO, ABB is showing solutions for flexible machine loading. These are suitable for the requirements of the metalworking industry for variant production with small volumes up to batch size XNUMX.
robot brake

Robot brake protects Robco robotic arms

27.08.2023/XNUMX/XNUMX | Robco offers a modular robot kit for use in industry. The slim and lightweight safety brakes from the standard modular system from Mayr power transmission ensure the necessary safety in the robot arms.
Software

Software partner for sensor-adaptive robotics

22.06.2023/2023/XNUMX | At Automatica XNUMX, Artiminds presented applications programmed with its in-house software solutions. The tools Robot Programming Suite (RPS) and Artiminds Learning & Analytics for Robots (LAR) simplify the programming of sensor-based robot applications.
robot module

Robot module for various gripper systems

12.06.2023/XNUMX/XNUMX | Zimmer's Match end-of-arm ecosystem robot module was created in cooperation with Schmalz. The standardized end effector interface enables the flexible use of the entire range of gripping systems such as vacuum systems or mechanical grippers.
Interface

Our interface simplifies interaction

30.05.2023/XNUMX/XNUMX | With the Kuka.Usertech user interface, Kuka has simplified the configuration of its robot controllers. The user-friendly interface makes it easy to create and use application commands with the software extension. The software provides the user with many features.

Types of robots and robotics

The world of robots is constantly evolving and offers a variety of types of robots, which can be categorized according to their scope and functions.

  • Cobots, also known as human-robot collaboration, i.e. robots that are able to work together with humans.  
  • Industrial robots are used in the manufacturing industry to automate repetitive tasks such as assembly, welding and packaging. She are still widespread and automate production processes in factories.
  • Mobile robots, including autonomous vehicles and drones, are revolutionizing the transportation and logistics industry.
  • service robot are gaining in importance working in direct contact with people and supporting them in areas such as household, health care, nursing or hospitality. There are also mobile robots here.
  • Household robots are a part of service robotics. They include lawn mower robots, window cleaning robots or vacuum cleaning robots.
  • social robot are human-looking robots used in communication, entertainment, and therapy that enable social or human-machine interaction.
  • Humanoid Roboter exhibit human-like features and movement abilities. 

Find out now about new robot innovations on the market: 

Cobot | Discover robots as new employees 

Welcome to the future of collaboration: the arrival of Cobot or the Human-robot Collaboration into the production halls is in full swing. This revolutionary robotic technology works hand in hand with people and optimizes work processes. Discover the exciting world of cobots and their diverse applications in industry and everyday life.

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industrial robots | The production employees

Industrial robots are the key players in modern manufacturing. They've been around for a long time, but now you're experiencing a new evolutionary stage in which you Artificial intelligence equipped and also becoming smarter thanks to new technologies such as machine learning. Read about many innovations and examples, like that industrial robotics Production processes are transformed and what tasks they can take on in the various industries.

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components for robots

Every robot consists of individual components and systems, which in turn are three basic components are integrated: The manipulator: This is the robot body, an operating element and the robot controller. Further down the robot is divided into the robot frame, the carousel, the swing arm, the robot arm and the robot hand.

All components must meet specific requirements in order to function and Safety of the robot. Depending on their environmental conditions, they must be robust and durable; work accurately, efficiently and repeatably; they should be light; meet safety standards; be compatible with other components and networkable. We present some robot components:

7th axis
robot drive
Robot arm + robot flange
robot brake
robot gripper
Linear unit
robot controller
Profile sensor
Strain wave gear

Robotic lawnmower | The garden helpers for the perfect lawn

Which one Lawn Mower is the right one for your garden? Save time and effort with the best models for different lawn sizes. This article will guide you through tests and criteria to find the ideal automatic lawn mower. At the same time we provide you with the latest models .

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Robot engineering

This is how you build a collaborative robot cell

If humans and robots work together without a protective fence, both can make full use of their advantages. Normative prerequisites have been created for their safe cooperation. Collaborative robot cells are already in use in many companies. But what about that? Planning and construction of such robot cells? This article from Schmersal will show you the way.

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What you should consider when using robot automation

The free robotics white papers “This is how automation works” by Artiminds analyzes the five most underestimated stumbling blocks when using robots and shows which aspects users should pay attention to in order to avoid possible pitfalls. In addition, different areas of application and robot-based solution approaches are presented.

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Programming Robots | software and controls

Whether it's industrial robots or cobots: without the right ones Software and an interactive one Programming robots nothing or nothing works easily. With new trends such as cloud-based programs or the use of artificial intelligence, robot programming is becoming increasingly easier and therefore increasingly efficient. Read how this can be done and what software is already available for this.

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Robotics manufacturer know-how

Among the best known in Germany robot manufacturers These include Dürr, Kuka, Yaskawa, Fanuc, ABB, Mitsubishi Electric, Igus.... Many more German companies, on the other hand, deal with components for robots. For the following companies we give you a detailed insight into the portfolio: 

Artimind's robot

Artimind's Robotics offers software solutions, advice and services related to robot-assisted automation. With Artiminds RPS and LAR, users receive consistent and flexible programming software that does not require any programming knowledge. This saves you time and money.

Programming robots with just low-code software

Artiminds Robotics supports the robotics industry with innovative software solutions, the the Programming robots, operate and simplify the integration of industrial robots. The pioneer for sensor-based robot applications supports the implementation of advanced projects such as force control and image processing and offers comprehensive advice - from planning to optimization. Read what's new at Artiminds:

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Artiminds Academy – robot training from the specialist

The two intuitive tools Robot Programming Suite (RPS) and the analysis tool LAR from Artiminds Robotics make this possible Drag-and-drop programming without specific programming knowledge. However, in-depth knowledge of the process flow and knowledge of sophisticated robotics applications are essential. In the Artimind's Academy This know-how is also provided free of charge.

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Research project for AI based robot calibration

Goal of Kirk, a research and development project for AI-based robot calibration is to implement new software-driven calibration methods for industrial robots Machine learning to develop and increase their accuracy. The initiators of the joint project are the University of Stuttgart, the DHBW Karlsruhe and Artiminds Robotics.

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Igus robotics


With its Low Cost Automation offer is Igus set out to lower the barriers to entry into the age of automation. Affordable and user-friendly robotics with Motion Plastics from Cologne, plus various online tools for design, calculation and configuration are available to get you started.

Robot marketplace for beginners and advanced users

The RBTX.com platform has also been part of the igus low-cost portfolio since 2019. In the partner network, 78 manufacturers are currently bidding over 300 robotic components and more than 150 complete solutions from practice (as of January 23.01.2023, XNUMX) - including guaranteed hardware and software compatibility. On the Online marketplace users can easily find a cost-effective and suitable automation solution as a complete system for their individual application. Planned customer applications can be tested live together in customer testing areas at various locations around the world before they are purchased.

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Delta, Scara and portal robots

Igus offers a wide variety of articulated arm robots, gantry robots, delta robots and Scara robots. If you can't decide, there is a solution: virtual Iguverse (Metaverse) provides the perfect playground to get robot applications and programming up and running and then into reality with ease. Looking to the future, igus predicts how people working collaboratively in the Metaverse and, for example, controlling robots from virtual worlds will change the way we work together.

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Robot arm for low cost automation

Low cost automation is easy with the Robolink Implement the modular system from igus. This is made possible, among other things, by the long-lasting and at the same time cost-saving Tribo plastic Strain wave gear, which are used in the Robolink robot arm. For example, pick-and-place tasks, assembly work or cleaning work are suitable for this. Find out more about the simple and flexible articulated arm robot.

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Cobot and service robotics with plug-and-play transmission

In logistics, care, kitchens, bars or in the fields: the potential for service robotics is great. Cobots help with monotonous or unergonomic tasks. For the simple, cost-effective implementation of such lightweight robots, Igus is introducing a gearbox kit for cobots. The focus is on the fully integrated Tribo strain wave gear with motor, absolute value encoder, force control and controller. Used in the Rebel service robot, igus is now accelerating low-cost automation. Here you can find out what's new about cobots and gears.

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Mayr robotics

For robotics and automation Mayr Antriebstechnik powerful and tailored to the industry Safety brakes. These are used successfully in countless robot applications worldwide.

Safety brakes for reliable robotic arms

That way robotic arms in the event of a power failure, after the power has been switched off or in an emergency stop, the safety brakes from Mayr Antriebstechnik will keep them from falling or falling in an uncontrolled manner servo axes reliable and secure in their position. The company offers a whole range of proven robot brakes for this purpose. In the Roba-power stop series, the company has slim, lightweight spring-loaded brakes for servomotors adapted to the high requirements of robotics.

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Mitsubishi robot

The industrial robots and collaborative robotics of Mitsubishi Electric support numerous intelligent applications in the Industry 4.0 factory. Artificial intelligence is also on board from time to time. The offering ranges from articulated arm and Scara robots to cobots.

CNC + robot programming on one platform

The merging of robotics and CNC technology brings competitive advantages for machine builders and OEMs. With the integration of the robot into the machine tool, the advantages of automation can be fully exploited. With the development of a uniform programming environment, Mitsubishi Electric creates a direct robot controller, which allows robot programming via G-codes in the CNC machining center.

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Cobots as a door opener to the establishment of robotics

Industrial robots are increasingly used today to increase productivity and precision in manufacturing. They also relieve people of tiresome, repetitive tasks. Cobots or collaborativeAlso collaborative robots go one step further here. They actually work together with humans. The article provides insights into Mitsubishi Electric's collaborative robot know-how and cobot portfolio.

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Industrial robots with artificial intelligence

Whether the traditional Industrial robots due to the incoming tide Cobots will soon no longer be needed, Mitsubishi Electric answers with "Of course no". Therefore, the automation company still offers a whole range of industrial robots melfah series, develops them further and even equips them with artificial intelligence. Below you will find everything you need to know about the topic and we will introduce you to the latest innovations:

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Articulated arm robots for flexible product manufacturing

The melfah Industrial robot series from Mitsubishi Electric includes among others Articulated. Thanks to their high-performance motor and amplifier, these are suitable for applications that require high precision and speed. The industrial robots can also be combined with other devices from the manufacturer, such as one SPS or with one Servomotor

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Predictive maintenance for robotics

With Artificial intelligence (KI) you are already smart beforehand. Mitsubishi Electric uses its corporate AI now also for Predictive Maintenance for machines, systems and robots. Maintenance reaches a new level through the analysis of operating parameters recorded in real time. Maintenance requirements are identified at an early stage, even before they arise. In this way, necessary measures can be planned in advance and reduced to a minimum.

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Schaeffler robotics

Schaeffler offers advanced technologies and components for robotics, particularly focused on Precision bearings, drive technology and linear systems focus. The portfolio includes high-precision bearing solutions and mechatronic systems that are crucial for increasing the performance and efficiency of robots. Schaeffler also offers innovative solutions in these areas sensors and actuators that expand the intelligence and functionality of robot systems and Predictive Maintenance enable.

Planetary gear + strain wave gear precision

Precision gears have a significant influence on the dynamics, positioning and repeatability or the service life of a construction. Schaeffler has in the young company Ultra Precision Drives developed two types of gearboxes that surpass the current state of the art: the Strain wave gear Series RT and the planetary gear the PSC series. Find out how you can use it to take your robotics application to a new level.

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Bearings for robot gears

The bearing technology in articulated arms from lightweight robots usually uses crossed roller bearings. Schaeffler has now further improved the design of such bearings in terms of tipping stiffness. In order to achieve significant progress in this regard, a new development approach was required. Schaeffler engineers considered this as a promising alternative with the needle roller and finally the two-row one Angular needle bearing XZU

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Schmersal robot

Schmersal offers a range of Safety Technology for robotics, including Safety switches, Light grids and curtains as well as emergency stop devices, which are essential for securing robot workstations. Their solutions also include intelligent ones safety controllers and magnetic safety sensors used to monitor and control safety-critical functions in automated environments. These products aim to maximize safety in robotics without compromising efficiency and productivity.

This is how you construct a robot cell

If humans and robots work together without a protective fence, both can make full use of their advantages. Normative prerequisites have been created for their safe cooperation. In many companies there are already collaborative robot cells in use. But what about that? Planning and construction of such robot cells? This post will show you the way.

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Seminars on security and robotics

The tec.nicum offers seminars on the topic Safety and Robotic to: The next events will be dedicated to this Safety in integrated robot manufacturing systems and the Human-robot collaborations.

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Robotics Applications and Industries

As already described above, the various types of robots already indicate their use. Industrial robots and cobots, on the other hand, are the robots for industrial use on machines and systems. Such robotics applications can be found in countless sectors from the automotive industry to medical technology. Take a look with us behind the scenes of classic applications:

robot brake

Safety brake for Robco robot kit

The company Robco offers a modular robot kit for industrial manufacturing. In the robot arms, slim and lightweight robot brakes from the standard modular system from Mayr Antriebstechnik ensure the necessary safety.
chocolate factory

Industrial robot for the chocolate factory

At Mitsubishi Electric's Interpack stand everything revolves around chocolate in a modular, open and fully integrated line. Together with partners, the advanced quality control of chocolate bars and their packaging with industrial robots will be demonstrated.
laboratory robot

Laboratory robot accelerates Sars-CoV-2 diagnostics

The world's first female scientist is revolutionizing biotechnology today. Her name is Agamede and she has declared war on Covid-19. The robot of the same name was developed at the ICHB PAN Institute in Poland with the participation of the technology partners Mitsubishi Electric and others.
Medical Technology

Medical technology Grippers for the mega trend

It is a mega trend that medical technology will also grow strongly in the coming years due to the growing world population. In order to be able to meet the demand, it must be massively automated. Gimatic offers mechatronic grippers for robotics.
excoskeleton

Exoskeleton for stroke patients

Many stroke patients suffer from hemiplegia. An exoskeleton like the Harmony from Harmonic Bionics helps in physiotherapy to rebuild the nerve tracts in the arms and shoulders. Robot-supported exoskeletons with plain bearings from igus should be able to be adapted quickly.
Laboratory

Laboratory robots for the hospital of the future

ABB has opened its first global Health Care Hub dedicated to health research at the Texas Medical Center (TMC) campus in Houston, Texas. A number of technology concepts were presented at the opening, including a mobile “Yumi” robot.
Pipelines

Energy chain in pipeline maintenance robots

The remote-controlled robot Crawler takes over work that would be life-threatening for humans. He rehabilitates the inner walls of pipelines in power plants. The automation succeeds reliably. The Remote Orbital Installations LLC from the USA relies on the energy chains from igus.

Research projects and results

Research in the field of robotics has made significant progress in recent years, resulting in new areas of application and technologies. scientists and engineers from different disciplines work together on research projects to develop innovative robotic solutions that can revolutionize the way we work and live.

Some important results of research projects in robotics are as follows: Collaborative robots take on dangerous tasks and increase productivity; Autonomous mobile robots (AMR) move independently in an environment, can navigate and transport goods. With the integration of artificial intelligence and machine learning in robotics, robots are becoming increasingly intelligent and can independently learn and perform increasingly complex tasks. In soft robotics, the development of soft robots made of flexible materials allows better adaptability and safety in sensitive applications such as medical technology or in human-machine interaction.

Many of these developments have been preceded by research projects that have the potential to advance automation and create new ways for robots and humans to work together, as the following articles show: 

Calibration

AI based robot calibration

The goal of Kirk, a research and development project for AI-based robot calibration, is to develop new software-driven calibration methods for industrial robots through machine learning and to increase their accuracy. The initiators are the University of Stuttgart, DHBW Karlsruhe and Artiminds.
Hydraulic System

Hydraulic drive for the surgical robot of the future

Tumor therapy without risks and side effects? Scientists in the laboratories are already working on solutions for such future medicine. To ensure that robotics do not interfere with imaging procedures such as magnetic resonance imaging, IPA engineers have developed a new drive technology.
Roboy

Develop with Roboy 2.0 collaborative software

However, a development team from the non-profit project Roboy from Munich has set itself the goal of developing a robot that should come as close as possible to humans in its overall appearance. Roboy 2.0 was developed using Autodesk's Fusion 360 collaborative software.
Mini brake

Mini brake for robot joints in space

The robust, energy-efficient climbing robot “Space Climber” was designed for missions in difficult terrain. An essential component of his musculoskeletal system are the intelligent, powerful joints. Mayr Antriebstechnik has developed a mini brake especially for such a joint.
cable robot

Cable robot concept convinces Vector Award jury

The University of Duisburg-Essen won the Igus Vector Award for the most innovative energy chain application with its cable robot. The robot uses the "E-spool" energy supply system, which adds an additional dimension to the energy chain principle.

Fundamentals of Robotics

A general robot definition describes robots as programmable machines that can perform various tasks. Originally inspired in science fiction, robots have evolved into real-world technology. Robots often have multiple axes. This allows them to perform complex movements. These movements are carefully planned and controlled with regard to the movement sequence and the freedom of movement of the axes. Robotics has the potential to improve human life in various areas and streamline operations in many industries.

The History of Robotics

The Automation is unthinkable without robotics. The world's first manufacturer of industrial robots was neither ABB, Kuka nor Fanuc, it was called union and is from the USA. The first robot stopped in Germany Hydraulic Systembasis Entry into automobile production at Mercedes-Benz in 1970. Kuka built the first German industrial robot with six electromechanical axes in 1973, followed by ABB with the fully electrically driven robot, which was presented a year later. Today, robotics is an integral part of the factories of the present and even more so of the future.

A few figures on robotics

The world of robotics has made impressive strides in recent years. According to the International Federation of Robotics, more than 2022 million industrial robots were in use worldwide by the end of 3. A significant proportion of these robots are found in the automotive industry, which accounts for over 40% of total robot installations. In addition, the service robotics market, including household, medical and logistics robots, has seen unprecedented growth over the past five years. It is estimated that this market will be worth $2025 billion by 37. These impressive figures clearly show that robotics plays a crucial role in our technology-driven society and is evolving at a rapid pace.

trends in robotics

There are several trends in robotics that will shape the future of robotics and automation. Here are some of the most important:

  • Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning: Robots are getting smarter and learning how to act in different situations. The use of AI and machine learning enables robots to function more autonomously and adapt to new tasks such as batch size 1 manufacturing and special environments.
  • mobile robotics: More and more robots are becoming mobile and can move about freely. They can be used in logistics, packaging, manufacturing and other fields to transport materials and goods or perform tasks that were previously performed by humans.
  • Collaborative Robotics: Cobots are increasingly being used to collaborate with humans and assist them in various tasks.
  • cloud robotics: Cloud computing and cloud services are increasingly being used to improve the performance of robots and expand their capabilities.
  • Robots as a Service (RaaS): RaaS is a model that allows companies to rent or lease robots instead of owning them. This enables companies to react quickly and flexibly to changes in demand and to use robots as needed.
  • Biologically inspired robotics: Robotics research is increasingly being inspired by biological systems, especially nature, to develop new technologies and approaches.

These trends in robotics have the potential to fundamentally change the way we work and live and can help improve efficiency, safety and sustainability in various industries.

What is robotics simply explained?

The robotics is an interdisciplinary research area dealing with the development and application of robots. It brings together different disciplines such as Drive Technology, automation, Electrical Engineering and computer science. With the components and systems from these specialist areas, intelligent machines can be developed, which then carry out tasks independently and efficiently. Because the robots can be used so flexibly, they are ideally suited to the requirements of the smart factory, which, among other things, offers the greatest variety of variants down to batch size 1.

Robot definition: Robots take on repetitive and complex tasks. This can relieve human workers and increase productivity. They do this with a high degree of accuracy and repeatability in performing their tasks, which in turn improves the quality and efficiency of products and processes. Robots consist of several axes whose movements are matched to the application in terms of working space. 

Sources: This article is based on information from the following companies: ABB, Artiminds, Camozzi, Denso, Fraunhofer IPA, Gimatic, Igus, KUKA, Mayr Antriebstechnik, KIRK, Mistubishi Electric, Robco, Rollon, Roboy, Schaeffler, Schmalz, Schmersal, Stäubli, Weiss Robotics.